Regulatory Flexibility Analysis for Small Businesses and Local Governments
for 12 NYCRR Subchapter M, Parts 440 and 442.
- Effect of rule:
Approximately 2511 political subdivisions currently participate as municipal employers in self-insured programs for workers' compensation coverage in New York State. As part of the overall rule, these self-insured local governments will be required to file objections to prescription drug bills if they object to any such bills. This process is required by WCL §13(i)(1) – (2). This rule affects members of self-insured trusts, some of which are small businesses. Typically a self-insured trust utilizes a third party administrator or group administrator to process workers' compensation claims. A third party administrator or group administrator is an entity which must comply with the new rule. These entities will be subject to the new rule in the same manner as any other carrier or employer subject to the rule. Under the rule, objections to a prescription bill must be filed within 45 days of the date of receipt of the bill or the objection is deemed waived and the carrier, third party administrator, or self-insured employer is responsible for payment of the bill. Additionally, affected entities must provide notification to the claimant if they choose to designate a pharmacy network, as well as the procedures necessary to fill prescriptions at the network pharmacy. If a network pharmacy is designated, a certification must be filed with the Board on an annual basis to certify that the all pharmacies in a network comply with the new rule. The new rule will provide savings to small businesses and local governments by reducing the cost of prescription drugs by utilization of a pharmacy fee schedule instead of retail pricing. Litigation costs associated with reimbursement rates for prescription drugs will be substantially reduced or eliminated because the rule sets the price for reimbursement. Additional savings will be realized by utilization of a network pharmacy and a negotiated fee schedule for network prices for prescription drugs.
- Compliance requirements:
Self-insured municipal employers and self-insured non-municipal employers are required by statute to file objections to prescription drug bills within a forty five day time period if they object to bills; otherwise they will be liable to pay the bills if the objection is not timely filed. If the carrier or self-insured employer decides to require the use of a pharmacy network, notice to the injured worker must be provided outlining that a network pharmacy has been designated and the procedures necessary to fill prescriptions at the network pharmacy. Certification by carriers and self-insured employers must be filed on an annual basis with the Board that all the pharmacies in a network are in compliance with the new rule. Failure to comply with the provisions of the rule will result in requests for information pursuant to the Chair's existing statutory authority and the imposition of penalties.
- Professional services:
It is believed that no professional services will be needed to comply with this rule.
- Compliance costs:
This proposal will impose minimal compliance costs on small business or local governments which will be more than offset by the savings afforded by the fee schedule. There are filing and notification requirements that must be met by small business and local governments as well as any other entity that chooses to utilize a pharmacy network. Notices are required to be posted in the workplace informing workers of a designated network pharmacy. Additionally, a certification must be filed with the Board on an annual basis certifying that all pharmacies within a network are in compliance with the rule.
- Economic and Technological Feasibility:
There are no additional implementation or technology costs to comply with this rule. The small businesses and local governments are already familiar with average wholesale price and regularly used that information prior to the adoption of the Medicaid fee schedule. Further, some of the reimbursement levels on the Medicaid fee schedule were determined by using the Medicaid discounts off of the average wholesale price. The Red Book is the source for average whole sale prices and it can be obtained for less than $100.00. Since the Board stores its claim files electronically, it has provided access to case files through its eCase program to parties of interest in workers' compensation claims. Most insurance carriers, self-insured employers and third party administrators have computers and internet access in order to take advantage of the ability to review claim files from their offices.
- Minimizing adverse impact:
This proposed rule is designed to minimize adverse impacts to all insurance carriers, employers, self-insured employers and claimants. The rule provides a process for reimbursement of prescription drugs as mandated by WCL section 13(i). Further, the notice requirements are to ensure a claimant uses a network pharmacy to maximize savings for the employer as any savings for the carrier can be passed on to the employer. The costs for compliance are minimal and are offset by the savings from the fee schedule. The rule sets the fee schedule as average wholesale price (AWP) minus twelve percent for brand name drugs and AWP minus twenty percent for generic drugs. As of July 1, 2008, the reimbursement for brand name drugs on the Medicaid Fee Schedule was reduced from AWP minus fourteen percent to AWP minus sixteen and a quarter percent. Even before the reduction in reimbursement some pharmacies, especially small ones, were refusing to fill brand name prescriptions because the reimbursement did not cover the cost to the pharmacy to purchase the medication. In addition the Medicaid fee schedule did not cover all drugs, include a number that are commonly prescribed for workers' compensation claims. This presented a problem because WCL §13-o provides that only drugs on the fee schedule can be reimbursed unless approved by the Chair. The fee schedule adopted by this regulation eliminates this problem. Finally, some pharmacy benefit managers were no longer doing business in New York because the reimbursement level was so low they could not cover costs. Pharmacy benefit managers help to create networks, assist claimants in obtaining first fills without out of pocket costs and provide utilization review. Amending the fee schedule will ensure pharmacy benefit managers can stay in New York and help to ensure access for claimants without out of pocket cost.
- Small business and local government participation:
The Assembly and Senate as well as the Business Council of New York State and the AFL-CIO provided input on the proposed rule.
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